The word “periodontal” literally means “around the tooth.” Periodontal Disease (also known as “gum disease”) is an ongoing bacterial infection the gums and bone around your teeth. This infection leads to an inflammation under the gums and bone around your teeth. If not treated, this inflammation can destroy the bone around your teeth. This could result in tooth loss (75% of all adult tooth loss is due to periodontal infection).
Periodontal infection is usually painless until it reaches an advanced stage. However, there are some symptoms which can indicate the presence of periodontal infection. These include:

  • Red or swollen gums
  • Bleeding when brushing (pink toothbrush), or at other times
  • Aching, itchy, sore or tender gums
  • Receding gums (teeth beginning to look longer)
  • Bad breath
  • Any change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
  • Any change in the fit of partial dentures
  • Loose, separating or protruding teeth
  • Spaces between teeth


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